Basement geology and Palaeozoic–Mesozoic mafic dykes from the Cape Meredith Complex, Falkland Islands: a record of repeated intracontinental extension

first_imgMafic dykes (Groups A–D) intruded into Mesoproterozoic basement amphibolites, gneisses, and granitoids of the Cape Meredith Complex on the southern tip of West Falkland, provide an important record of at least three periods of lithospheric extension during Palaeozoic and Jurassic times. Group A dykes are calc-alkaline lamprophyres that were generated by partial melting of an enriched subcontinental lithospheric mantle in Cambro-Ordovician times. Group B dykes are Ordovician dolerites derived from an asthenospheric mantle source, perhaps during the same extensional episode as Group A dykes. Group C dykes were also derived from an asthenospheric source and are possibly of Silurian age. The youngest, Group D, dykes are part of the widespread Jurassic Gondwana province. This group contains an oceanic island basalt-like sample and an enriched sample similar to both Group A lamprophyres and to the Jurassic Ferrar province in Antarctica. These correlations have interesting implications for the composition and evolution of mantle sources through time; the co-existence of Cambrian lamprophyres and Jurassic Ferrar-type magmas in the Cape Meredith Complex demonstrate for the first time that the enriched lithospheric mantle source postulated for the Ferrar magmas existed as far back as Cambrian times.last_img read more

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Summer boom for iced drinks

first_img“Blended iced drinks can account for as much as 40% of a chain café bar’s sales in the hot summer months,” says Gary McGann, general manager of Espresso Warehouse (Glasgow, Scotland). There are many products on the market that can create speciality blended fruit and coffee drinks that take the pain and expense out of buying and chopping fresh fruit for café bars, including scratch mix, powdered base mixes, liquid concentrates and ready-to-blend.The company supplies “everything but the coffee”.last_img read more

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ND lights up Ugandan towns

first_imgNotre Dame’s Initiative for Global Development (IGD) is teaming up with Accenture, a global management consulting company, to provide electricity to rural communities in northern Uganda in hopes of giving them the ability to start their own enterprises. Many locations in Uganda have spotty electricity, a fact reflected in the country’s low gross domestic product (GDP), IGD program director Patrick Murphy said. Murphy said Notre Dame and Accenture hope that by providing working electricity, the residents of the country will have the opportunity to form more enterprises, thereby creating jobs in the area. “It’s about electricity, Internet connectivity and training for displaced persons in Uganda with the intent of generating new jobs built upon the new entrepreneurs that are trained,” Murphy said. “What’s lacking to try to start a new enterprise now is reliable electricity.” Murphy, former managing director for the Center for Sustainable Energy, said Accenture, through their Skills to Succeed program, aims to equip 250,000 people worldwide with the training to start a business. IGD pitched the idea of providing rural Africa with electricity to the company and formed a partnership, he said. The pilot program will work to provide electricity to three initial sites in Uganda, Murphy said. “It barely puts a dent in the electricity needs, but you have to start somewhere,” he said. “That’s why it’s philosophy-driven to start with.” Over the next two years, Murphy said IGD plans to improve the initiative and work with on-the-ground partners to install electricity in other locations. BOSCO Uganda, the 31 Lengths Campaign and the NGO Educate! program will assist IGD in Uganda. “We will install power systems, install Internet where it’s not already connected and some of our partners will provide training,” Murphy said. “We have to measure the impact of how many people we can train, how much power we can provide, but the intent is to start having businesses spin out.” If the program shows some success, Murphy said he hopes Accenture will agree to expand the number of sites and the impact of the initiative. Other Notre Dame faculty are involved in the effort as well. Michael Sweikar, associate director of IGD, said electrical engineering professor Michael Lemmon is working to design more efficient models for solar micro grids. Juan Carlos Guzman, director of research for the Institute for Latino Studies, will conduct the impact evaluation of the project, Sweikar said. “One of the real goals of IGD is to help link our resources on the ground with global development challenges,” Sweikar said. “That will lead to more opportunities for students to become engaged with faculty around doing real project and contributing to global development.” The project aims to prove a philanthropic-based program can eventually turn a profit while still having a positive impact on the world, Murphy said. “We’re not just providing electricity in today’s technology, but we’re looking into the technology, models, education and enterprises that can change the way business is done,” he said.last_img read more

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A vision for 2030: South Africa’s National Development Plan

first_imgSouth Africa’s National Development Plan Vision 2030 is drafted with the aim, among others, to eliminate poverty and create 11-million jobs by the year 2030.Schoolchildren at Ngidini Senior Primary School. The National Development Plan states that young people “deserve better educational and economic opportunities”. (Image: GovernmentZA, Flickr)Yvonne Fonteyn and Lucille DavieSixteen years. In that time South Africa will be a very different country, if the goals of Vision 2030, as set out in the National Development Plan (NDP), are met. The aim, among others, is to eliminate poverty and create 11-million jobs by the year 2030.“By 2030 we must be able to declare that no South African lives below a poverty line and we can fix that line,” Trevor Manuel, minister in the presidency for the National Planning Commission, said in the introduction to the NDP.Drafted by Manuel and 26 other commissioners, the plan aims to reduce inequality by 2030. It states: “South Africa can realise these goals by drawing on the energies of its people, growing an inclusive economy, building capabilities, enhancing the capacity of the state, and promoting leadership and partnerships throughout society.”According to the NDP, the peaceful transition from apartheid to democracy must be taken further. The government has already started to align the long-term aims of national departments with the plan, identifying where policy change is necessary for this alignment.“The NDP is a plan for the whole country,” the plan reads. “Government will engage with all sectors to understand how they are contributing to implementation, and particularly to identify any obstacles to them fulfilling their role effectively.”The plan starts with the president and deputy president, who will lead the change, setting an example for provincial premiers and local government mayors to follow.“This plan envisions a South Africa where everyone feels free yet bounded to others; where everyone embraces their full potential, a country where opportunity is determined not by birth, but by ability, education and hard work,” says the plan. “Realising such a society will require transformation of the economy and focused efforts to build the country’s capabilities. To eliminate poverty and reduce inequality, the economy must grow faster and in ways that benefit all South Africans.”Opportunities for young peopleYoung people will be a special focus – they “deserve better educational and economic opportunities”. More than this, “focused efforts are required to eliminate gender inequality”. “Promoting gender equality and greater opportunities for young people are integrated themes that run throughout this plan.”The commission noted that long-term shifts in global trade and investment were reshaping the world economy and international politics. Chief among these developments was the emergence of the rapidly growing economies of the Brics countries – China, India and Brazil in particular – as well as the increased growth in Africa.Globalisation presented additional risk for emerging markets, while climate change was another factor affecting development in South Africa. The country stands to benefit significantly from regional cooperation.Origins of the planPresident Jacob Zuma appointed the National Planning Commission in May 2010 to draft the NDP. An advisory body consisting of 26 people, the commission was drawn largely from outside the government, with members being selected for their expertise in key areas. It is chaired by Manuel, with ANC deputy president Cyril Ramaphosa as deputy chairman.The commission’s Diagnostic Report, released in June 2011, set out South Africa’s achievements and shortcomings since 1994. It identified a failure to implement policies and an absence of broad partnerships as the main reasons for slow progress. And it set out nine primary challenges:Too few people work.The quality of school education for black people is poor.Infrastructure is poorly located, inadequate and under-maintained.Spatial divides hobble inclusive development.The economy is unsustainably resource-intensive.The public health system cannot meet demand or sustain quality.Public services are uneven and often of poor quality.Corruption levels are high.South Africa remains a divided society.DemographicsThe commission had to take into account the demographics of South Africa, including:The birth rate, which is at 1% now and is dropping, and is predicted to stand at 0.5% by 2030.About 60% of the population live in urban areas; by 2030 it is predicted to be 70%.The effects of immigration, which will add 0.1% to 0.2% to the population by 2030.The effects of HIV and Aids, which has stabilised at 10% of the population being HIV-positive.To maximise the benefits of this “demographic dividend”, says the commission, the country requires better nutrition and health care, improved educational standards, increased access to further and higher education, easier entry into the labour market and greater labour mobility, which is the ability to move to where jobs are on offer. All of these factors need to be taken into account in national planning.Goals of the NDPBy 2030 the country needs to eliminate income poverty. In other words, it must reduce the proportion of households with a monthly income of below R419 (US$42.2) a person (in 2009 prices) from 39% to 0%.And secondly, it must reduce inequality – the Gini coefficient, a measure of income disparity, should fall from 0.69 to 0.6.This will be achieved by increasing employment from 13-million in 2010 to 24-million in 2030; raising per capita income from R50 000 ($5 000) in 2010 to R120 000 ($12 100) by 2030; increasing the share of national income of the bottom 40% from 6% to 10%; establishing a competitive base of infrastructure, human resources and regulatory frameworks; ensuring that skilled, technical, professional and managerial posts better reflect the country’s racial, gender and disability makeup, and many other goals.An important focus of the NDP is to unite South Africans around a common programme that will enhance the Constitution’s vision of a united, prosperous, non-racial and non-sexist society. “Although progress has been made to improve the lives of women; discrimination, patriarchal attitudes and poor access to quality education persists.The plan deals with these factors holistically, recognising that key priorities such as education or rural development will have the biggest impact on poor women,” indicates the NDP.In addition, citizens should be encouraged to be active in their own development. The document says that while the state “must actively support and incentivise citizen engagement”, citizens should: actively seek opportunities for advancement, learning, experience and opportunity; work together with others in the community to advance development, resolve problems and raise the concerns of the voiceless and marginalised; and, hold the government, business and all leaders in society accountable for their actions.“The country we seek to build by 2030 is just, fair, prosperous and equitable. Most of all, it is a country that each and every South African can proudly call home. It is up to all South Africans to play a role in fixing the future.”Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.last_img read more

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Tips for harvest and planning for the 2019 field season

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Anne Dorrance, Ohio State University Extension plant pathologistThere are some things to keep track of this fall as the combines run across the soybean fields.Make note of those low yield spots in soybeans to soil sample for soybean cyst nematode levels.Did you leave unsprayed strips? Harvest each of these first separately. Yield is not even throughout a field so comparisons to the average of these unsprayed strips are a more accurate measure of what the baseline level of yield is within a field. This is the number to compare yields for any treatments.Note: the outside borders of the field are usually not comparable since these have additional secondary factors such as shade from trees, compaction, old fence rows etc. which can impact yield.Fields with Sclerotinia should be harvested last. Yes, seed quality will continue to decline but this will avoid contaminating equipment with sclerotia, which can then be introduced into more fields. There are limited fields with this pathogen, and this approach will help keep it that way.Fields with stink bug injury or generally moldy due to Phomopsis, etc should be harvested ASAP and get the seed dried down. Phomopsis will continue to colonize pods from openings on those pods caused by insect feeding and then colonize the neighboring seeds. This fungus that causes Phomopsis seed decay as well as other seed decay fungi tend to be a bit slow growing. If the seed can be harvested, and dried down it will prevent further growth. It has also been noted that on a seed germination test in the fall, germs will be lower, but the seed where only the outside is colonized, not the germ, the fungus will die under winter conditions (if the storage is dry) and then the germ will improve over the winter for Phomopsis seed decay.While you are also harvesting make note of the varieties that did well on your farms. Not every soybean variety is meant for our wet poorly drained soils. We’ve had lots of reports and observed shallow root systems, extensive root rot, as well as Phytophthora stem rot and sudden death syndrome during 2018. In fields where diseases developed in 2018, pay attention to the resistance on these and other diseases for 2019.Remember, every company uses a different rating system, read the fine print to be sure that you understand what resistance actually means for those varieties. Is 1 dead or is it the best?last_img read more

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76ers unleash 81-point first half to rout Timberwolves

first_imgMOST READ Butler scored 19 points in the first meeting with Minnesota since the trade, and the 76ers scored 83 points in the first half in a 149-107 rout on Tuesday night.“I do want to beat those guys,” Butler said, “but I want to beat every team.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine ‍football chiefSPORTSWin or don’t eat: the Philippines’ poverty-driven, world-beating pool starsThe Golden State Warriors were the only team to score more first-half points in a game this season when they dropped 92 on the Chicago Bulls on Oct. 29. The Sixers hit a team-record 21 3-pointers and reached their highest point total in the 22-year history of the Wells Fargo Center.Joel Embiid had 31 points and 13 rebounds in a final tuneup before the Sixers hit a pivotal stretch of the season. SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte Is Luis Manzano planning to propose to Jessy Mendiola? SEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completion ZOO HOURSThe 76ers honored broadcaster Marc Zumoff for 25 years as the team broadcaster.UP NEXTTimberwolves: Host San Antonio on Friday.76ers: Play Thursday at Indiana.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next SEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completion Simmons, who had 20 points and 11 rebounds, flexed and Embiid waved his arms to an adoring crowd after big baskets.Butler took a backseat in his first game since the Timberwolves sent him to the 76ers in a package deal that brought forwards Robert Covington and Dario Saric in return.“It was everything that I thought it would be,” Butler said. “Seeing some old faces. Not too much trash talking, though, I don’t think anybody’s talking like that. I like the fact that we beat them.”Covington and Saric were popular core pieces of Philadelphia’s Trust the Process rebuild and both received massive ovations from an appreciative crowd in tribute videos.“It means they really appreciate what I did the last three years here,” Saric said. “I’m thankful for that. They really respect me.”The Sixers found thumping the Timberwolves a breeze. They’re having a tougher time molding the Butler-Simmons-Embiid combination into a dominant Big 3 instead of a big mystery. The Sixers have a thin bench and are experimenting with rotations to find the right ones that can make them evolve into the Eastern Conference favorites they expected to become this season.Sixers rookie general manager Elton Brand hits the Feb. 7 trade deadline with a major mission: strengthen the reserves. Former Sixers Marco Belinelli and Ersan Ilyasova steadied the Sixers last season as midseason pickups and Brown needs more of that punch for a deep run in the East this season.TIP-INSTimberwolves: Derrick Rose led the Timberwolves with 15 points and Saric had 11 in his return. Covington sat out with a knee injury. Tyus Jones left with a sprained left ankle.“We’ll look at the film and work on moving forward,” coach Ryan Saunders said. “Our communication was not up to our standards.” Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting LOOK: Joyce Pring goes public with engagement to Juancho Triviño LOOK: Joyce Pring goes public with engagement to Juancho Triviñocenter_img TS Kammuri to enter PAR possibly a day after SEA Games opening LATEST STORIES 76ers: Signed G Corey Brewer to a 10-day contract. He has career averages of 8.9 points and 2.8 rebounds in 783 games.WHAT A HALFThe team record for points in a first half is 86. The Sixers shot 66 percent (31 of 47) and had 21 assists on 31 baskets.JIMMY JAMButler had voiced his frustration with the state of the Timberwolves and was soon traded to the Sixers. The Sixers need more big games from him to contend.“There are times that I wished he’d shoot more 3s. There are times I wished he’d put this thumbprint deeper into the game,” Brown said. “But he plays the game the right way.”SIR CHARLESSir Charles is ready for his close up.Charles Barkley, the 76ers great whose retired No. 34 hangs in the rafters, is set to play a substitute gym teacher in Wednesday’s episode of “The Goldbergs.”“In my gym, we’ve got two rules. Number one, we NEVER give up. Number two, aliens are real and they walk among us,” he says in the episode. PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss “We’ve got some heavyweights coming in but so be it,” coach Brett Brown said.The Sixers needed the breather against Minnesota. They play their next 12 games against teams with winning records and the Sixers are not quite where Brown wants them as they go toe-to-toe with those NBA heavyweights.“Not to the level that I wished it was,” Brown said. “It’s not anything that I’m panicking about.”They never had reason to worry about Minnesota.The Sixers stuffed a season’s worth of highlights into the first half. They cut to the hoop with ease for layups and big Ben Simmons dunks. They buried mostly uncontested 3-pointers — 10 of 20 in the half — and even made all 11 free throws.ADVERTISEMENT Warriors score NBA-record 51 in 1st quarter to crush Nuggets View comments Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Philadelphia 76ers’ Joel Embiid, center, hangs on the rim after a dunk during the first half of an NBA basketball game against the Minnesota Timberwolves, Tuesday, Jan. 15, 2019, in Philadelphia. (AP Photo/Matt Slocum)PHILADELPHIA— Jimmy Butler’s final miserable months in Minnesota were blighted by trash talk toward his teammates and a sour demeanor that forced the Timberwolves to trade him.At home in Philadelphia, Butler is still working out the kinks with his new star teammates. But Butler had one final parting gift for his old team: a complete thrashing that left the Timberwolves in tatters.ADVERTISEMENTlast_img read more

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Photo: Former Duke Stars Jay Williams And Chris Duhon Are Sitting Together At Cameron Indoor Tonight

first_imgJay Williams smiles for the camera.LAS VEGAS, NV – JUNE 27: ESPN analyst, former NBA player and pageant judge Jay Williams appears before the 17th annual Hooters International Swimsuit Pageant at The Joint inside the Hard Rock Hotel & Casino on June 27, 2013 in Las Vegas, Nevada. (Photo by Ethan Miller/Getty Images)Perhaps the greatest backcourt in the history of the Duke men’s basketball program is back in Durham, North Carolina, Wednesday evening. Jay Williams and Chris Duhon, who starred together for the Blue Devils in the early 2000s, leading Mike Krzyzewski’s team to a national title in 2001, are taking in their former team’s game against Georgia Tech. Williams and Duhon are sitting together at Cameron Indoor Stadium. Duke and Georgia Tech are currently playing on ESPN2. The Blue Devils (18-5, 5-3 ACC) are coming off a major road victory against Virginia.last_img read more

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Indiana Basketball Fans Have Launched TomCreanBuyout.com

first_imgWebsite devoted to Tom Crean's buyout.Tom Crean has put together a very talented Hoosiers roster, but many fans aren’t thrilled with the results. Crean took over a program that was hit hard by NCAA violations under head coach Kelvin Sampson, and went 28-66 in his first three years in Bloomington, before leading IU back to the NCAA Tournament in 2011-12 and 2012-13, when it reached back to back Sweet Sixteens. Crean’s program was a disappointing 17-15 last season, and is 19-11 this season, and right on the cusp of the NCAA Tournament. We’ve seen unhappy fans launch websites calling for coaches’ jobs before, but the unhappy Indiana fans have taken a bit of a different approach. Someone has launched www.tomcreanbuyout.com, which provides information on the cost to buyout Crean’s large contract. http://www.tomcreanbuyout.com/http://www.tomcreanbuyout.com/Indiana is set to bring back most of its roster next year, barring possible NBA Draft departures, and stand a solid shot at making this year’s NCAA Tournament. We expect Crean to be back, but it is certainly understandable why Hoosier fans’ patience is running short.last_img read more

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Im sorry RCMP pledges at MMIW inquiry to do better on Indigenous

first_imgREGINA – The head of Canada’s national police force apologized to the families of missing and murdered Indigenous women Monday while pledging improved relations with Aboriginal communities.“On behalf of myself and my organization, I’m truly sorry for the loss of your loved ones and the pain that this has caused you and your families and your communities,” RCMP Commissioner Brenda Lucki testified in Regina at the national inquiry into missing and murdered Indigenous women.“I’m sorry that for too many of you, the RCMP was not the police service that it needed to be during this terrible time in your life. It is very clear to me that the RCMP could have done better and I promise to you we will do better.”The inquiry has been holding hearings for more than a year, and time and again stories have surfaced of police not taking the cases of missing Indigenous women seriously. Victims were frequently seen to be written off by investigators as sex trade workers or addicts.Lucki said the RCMP has made changes to its cadet training curriculum to include more Indigenous material.One of the added modules includes a scenario involving an 18-year-old Indigenous woman whose back story is constructed from testimony heard at the inquiry.Lucki said she wants the cadets to get exposure to those situations.“Given some of the things that have come out of the testimonies, it’s important that they have recognition of the cultural sensitiveness of these investigations and the importance of knowing what to expect with these investigations,” Lucki said.Another addition to RCMP training includes a blanket exercise in which cadets are taught to better understand the different issues facing Indigenous people. That program has been introduced over the last four to six months and Lucki participated in the first one.Heather Bear, vice-chief with the Federation of Sovereign Indigenous Nations, said there must be oversight to see if this new training changes attitudes.She said that it’s going to take time to notice a difference, noting she still gets calls from Indigenous women who have experienced police violence.“By having this training, the awareness, for our people, the measuring is going to be when the harassment stops. Then we’ll know it has succeeded,” Bear said. “Today, these are words and these are attempts so I guess the test of time is what I’ll be watching.”In Lucki’s cross-examination, she said that two officers went through a restorative type process in consultation with the Indigenous community after allegations of a racist Facebook post, that reportedly said Colten Boushie deserved to die, were founded.Boushie was an Indigenous man who was killed at Gerald Stanley’s farm in Biggar, Sask., in 2016. Stanley was charged with second-degree murder but found not guilty.Lucki added the RCMP has to work to have better trust with the communities they serve. That includes being more inclusive and more tolerant.“Are we going to eliminate racism? I don’t know if we will,” Lucki said. “But we can hold those to account and make sure it doesn’t happen again and use those as examples.”Marion Buller, the inquiry’s chief commissioner, said she thought Lucki’s apology was heartfelt and sincere.“I think it’s certainly a good beginning,” Buller said. “The proof will be in what happens on the ground.”Lucki became the RCMP’s new commissioner in April and is the first commissioner from the Mounties to be a witness at the inquiry.She said that an Aboriginal and First Nations awareness course is mandatory for cadets to take within two years. It’s also mandatory training for officers in some northern parts of the country.— Follow @RyanBMcKenna on Twitterlast_img read more

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Midair plane crash in Ottawas West End

first_imgTwo planes crashed in mid-air in the West End of Ottawa just past 10:00 Sunday morning.Ottawa Police have confirmed one aircraft was able to be redirected to the Ottawa International Airport, while the smaller of the two planes crashed into a field.Staff Sgt. Jamie Harper says one plane then crashed into a field and the other managed to land at the Ottawa International Airport.The Transport Safety Board of Canada says the plane that landed at the airport sustained minor damage.Police say it is not yet known how many people were aboard each plane or whether any injuries have been reported.Transport Canada will be heading up the investigation.— with files from The Canadian Presslast_img read more

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